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实训指导
2014-01-03 14:39   审核人:

Postgraduate Class for Students of Western Medicine Major (English Lectures)

Practical Training Guide of Meridians and Acupoints

The basis of acupuncture is the theory of meridians and acupoints, which can not be separated from each other. Acupoints are the treatment point, while meridians are the guide for points selection based onsyndrome differentiation. The training class aims to let students master the meridian distribution, acupoints location, acupoints indication and manipulations of acupuncture and moxibustion, which lay a solid foundation for the clinical practice in the future. It mainly apply teaching methods of marking meridians and acupoints on students, which is also combined with different teaching instruments to enhance the teaching effect, such as displaying the models, applying the video, film, PowerPoint, multimedia and CAI.

Number One Brief Introduction

Training purpose

1.Master the conception of acupuncture and moxibustion, the characteristic of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in order to clearly understand the significance of this course and definitely know that acupuncture and moxibustion is the vital aspect of TCM.

2.Acquaint the brief history and the overview of exchange about acupuncture and moxibustion

3. Comprehend the main content, purpose and learning method of this course.

Traininghours 1

Trainingcontent

The definition of acupuncture and moxibustion, The characteristic of acupuncture and moxibustion , The brief history and the overview of exchange about acupuncture and moxibustion, The main content, purpose and study methods of acupuncture and moxibustion.

Training methods

Watching vedio of acupuncture and moxibustion.

Number Two Methods of Locating Acupoints

Training purpose

Master the methods of locating acupoints

Traininghours 1

Trainingcontent

1.Locating Points by Proportional Bone Measurement: This approach to locate points involves measuring the length or width of different portions of the body focusing on bones and joints and then calculating or converting them into proportionalcununits.

2. Locating Points by Anatomical Landmarks: This approach locates points on the basis of a variety of anatomical landmarks on the body’s surface. Bony and muscular anatomical landmarks on the body surface fall into two categories: fixed and moving.

3.Finger-CunMeasurements: The length and width of the patient’s finger(s) are used as the standard for the point location. It includes the following three methods: middle finger measurement, Thumb measurement, the four-finger measurement.

4. The Simple Way of Locating Points: This is an easy way to locate the acupoints for clinical use.

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows how tolocate points by proportional bone measurement, anatomical landmarks, finger-cunmeasurements and the simple way.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice how to locate pointsin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Three Acupoints on Conception Vessel and Governer vessel

Training purpose

1. Master the pathways of Conception Vessel and Governer vessel.

2. Master the locations, indications and manipulations of the acupoints on Conception Vessel and Governer vessel.

Traininghours 2

Trainingcontent

Conception Meridian:

Huiyin*(RN1),Qugu(RN2),Zhongji*(RN3),Guanyuan*(RN4),Shimen(RN5),Qihai*(RN6),

Yinjia(RN7),Shenque(RN8),Shuifen(RN9),Xiawan*(RN10),Jianli(RN11),Zhongwan*(RN12),

Shangwan(RN13),Juque(RN14),Juiwei(RN15),Zhongting(RN16),Danzhong*(RN17), Yutang(RN18),Zigong(RN19),Huagai(RN20),Xuanji(RN21),Tiantu*(RN22),Lianquan*(RN 23),Chengjiang(RN 24).

Governor Meridian:

Changqiang*(DU1),Yaoshu(DU2),Yaoyangguan*(DU3),Mingmen*(DU4),Xuanshu(DU5),

Jizhong(DU6),Zhongshu(DU7),Jinsuo(DU8),Zhiyang(DU9),Lingtai(DU10),Shendao(DU11),

Shenzhu(Du12),Taodao(Du13),Dazhui*(DU14),Yamen(DU15),Fengfu*(DU16),Naohu(DU17),Qiangjian(DU18),Houxiang(DU19),Baihui*(DU20),Qianxiang(DU21),Xinhui(DU22),Shangxing*(DU23),Shenting*(DU 24),Suliao(DU 25),Shuigou*(DU 26),Duiduan(DU 27),Yinjiao(DU 28).

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints ofConception Vessel and Governer vessel.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointsofConception Vessel and Governer vesselin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Four Acupoints on Three Yin Meridians of Hand

Training purpose

1.Master the pathways of Lung Meridian of Hand Taiyin , Heart Meridian of Hand Shaoyin and Pericardium Meridian of Hand Jueyin.

2. Master the locations, indications and manipulations of the acupoints on Lung Meridian of Hand Taiyin , Heart Meridian of Hand Shaoyin and Pericardium Meridian of Hand Jueyin.

Traininghours 4

Trainingcontent

Lung Meridian of Hand Taiyin:

Zhongfu*(LU1),Yunmen(LU2),Tianfu(LU3),Xiabai(LU4),Chize*(LU5),Kongzui*(LU6),

Lieque*(LU7),Jingqu(LU8),Taiyuan*(LU9),Yuji*(LU10), Shaoshang*(LU 11).

Heart Meridian of Hand Shaoyin:

Jiquan*(HT1),Qingling(HT2),Shaohai*(HT3),Lingdao(HT4),Tongli*(HT5),Yinxi*(HT6),

Shenmen*(HT 7),Shaofu(HT 8),Shaoshang*(HT 9).

Pericardium Meridian of Hand Jueyin:

Tianchi*(PC 1),Tianquan(PC 2),Quze* (PC 3),Ximen (PC 4),Jianshi*(PC 5),

Neiguan*(PC 6),Daling(PC 7),Laogong*(PC 8),Zhongchong*(PC 9).

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints on three yin meridians of hand.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointson three yin meridians of handin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Five Acupoints on Three Yang Meridians of Hand

Training purpose

1.Master the pathways of Large Intestine Meridian of Hand Yangming , Small Intestine Meridian of Hand Taiyang and Triple Energizer Meridian of Hand Shaoyang.

2.Master the locations, indications and manipulations of the acupoints on Large Intestine Meridian of Hand Yangming , Small Intestine Meridian of Hand Taiyang and Triple Energizer Meridian of Hand Shaoyang.

Traininghours 4

Trainingcontent

Large Intestine Meridian of Hand Yangming:

Shangyang*(LI1),Erjian*(LI2),Sanjian(LI3),Hegu*(LI4),Yangxi(LI5),Pianli*(LI6),

Wenliu(LI7),Xialian(LI8),Shanglian(LI9),Shousanli*(LI10),Quchi*(LI11),Zhouliao*(LI12),

Shouwuli(LI13),Binao(LI14),Jianyu*(LI15),Jugu(LI16),Tianding(LI17),Futu(LI18),

Kouheliao(LI 19),Yingxiang*(LI 20).

Small Intestine Meridian of Hand Taiyang:

Shaoze*(SI1),Qiangu(SI2),Houxi*(SI3),Wangu*(SI4),Yanggu(SI5),Yanglao(SI6),

Zhizheng*(SI7),Xiaohai*(SI8),Jianzhen(SI9),Naoshu(SI10),Tianzong*(SI11),Bingfeng(SI12),Quyuan(SI13),Jianwaishu(SI14),Jianzhongshu(SI15),Tianchuang(SI16),Tianrong(SI17),

Quanliao* (SI 18),Tinggong*(SI 19).

Triple Energizer Meridian of Hand Shaoyang:

Guanchong*(SJ1),Yemen(SJ2),Zhongzhu(SJ3),Yangchi*(SJ4),Waiguan*(SJ5),Zhigou*(SJ6),Huizong(SJ7),Sanyangluo(SJ8),Sidu(SJ9),Tianjing*(SJ10),Qinglengyuan(SJ11),Xiaoluo(SJ12),Naohui(SJ13),Jianliao*(SJ14),Tianliao(SJ15),Tianyou(SJ16),Yifeng*(SJ17),Chimai(SJ18),

Luxi(SJ19),Jiaosun*(SJ20), Ermen* (SJ21),Erheliao(SJ 22),Sizhukong*(SJ 23).

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints on three yang meridians of hand.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointson three yang meridians of handin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Six Acupoints on Three Yang Meridians of Foot

Training purpose

1. Master the pathways of Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming , Bladder Meridian of Foot Taiyang and Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang.

2.Master the locations, indications and manipulations of the acupoints on Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming , Bladder Meridian of Foot Taiyang and Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang.

Traininghours 8

Trainingcontent

Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming:

Chengqi*(ST1),Sibai*(ST2),Juliao(ST3),Dicang*(ST4),Daying(ST5),Jiache*(ST6),

Xiaguan*(ST7),Touwei*(ST8),Renying*(ST9),Shuitu*(ST10),Qishe(ST11),Quepen(ST12),

Qihu(ST13),Kufang(ST14),Wuyi(ST15),Yingchuang(ST16),Ruzhong(ST17),Rugen*(ST18),Burong(ST19),Chengman(ST20),Liangmen(ST21),Guanmen(ST22),TaiyI(ST23),

Huaroumen(ST24),Tianshu*(ST25),Wailing(ST26),Daju(ST27),Shuidao(ST28),

Guilai*(ST29),Qichong(ST30),Biguan(ST31),Futu*(ST32),Yinshi(St33),Liangqiu*(St34),

DubI*(ST35),Zusanli*(ST36),Shangjuxu*(ST37),Tiaokou(ST38),Xiajuxu*(ST39),Fenglong*(ST40),Jiexi*(ST41),Chongyang(ST42), Xiangu(ST 43),Neiting*(ST44),Lidui(ST 45).

Bladder Meridian of Foot Taiyang

JingMing*(BL1),Cuanzhu*(BL2),Meichong(BL3),Qucha(BL4),Wuchu(BL6),

Chengguang(BL7),Tongtian(BL8),Luoque(BL9),Yuzhen(BL10),Dazhu*(BL11),

Fengmen*(BL12),Feishu(BL13),Jueyinshu*(BL14),Xinshu*(BL15),Dushu(BL16),

Geshu(BL17),Ganshu*(BL18),Danshu*(BL19),Pishu*(BL20),Weishu*(BL21),

Sanjiaoshu*(BL22),Shenshu*(BL23),Qihaishu(BL24),Dachangshu*(BL25), Guanyuanshu(BL26),Xiaochangshu*(BL27),Pangguangshu*(BL28),Zhonglvshu(BL29), Baihuanshu(BL30),Shangliao(BL31),Ciliao*(BL32),Zhongliao*(BL33),Xialiao*(BL34), Yanghui(BL35),Chengfu(BL36),Yinmen(BL37),Fuxi(BL38),WeiYang(BL39),

Weizhong*(BL40),Fufen(BL41),Pohu(BL42),Gaohuang(BL43),Shentang(BL44), Yixi(BL45),Geguan(BL46),Pomen(BL47),Yanggang(BL48),Yishe(BL49),Weicang(BL50),

Huangmen(BL51),Zhishi*(BL52),Baohuang(BL53),Zhibian*(BL54),Heyang(BL55), Chengjin(BL56),Chengshan*(BL57),Feiyang(BL58),Fuyang(BL59),KunLun*(BL60), Pucan(BL61),Shenmai*(BL62),Jinmen(BL63),Jinggu(BL64),Shugu(BL65), Zutonggu(BL 66), Zhiyin*(BL 67).

Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang:

Tongziliao*(GB1),Tinghui*(GB2),Shangguan(GB3),Hanyan(GB4),Xuanlu(GB5),

Xuanli(GB6),Qubin(GB7),Shuaigu*(GB8),Tianchong(GB9),FuBai(GB10),Touqiaoyin(GB11),Wangu(GB12),Benshen(GB13),Yangbai*(GB14),Toulinqi*(GB15),Muchuang(GB16),

Zhengying(GB17),Chengling(GB18),Naokong(GB19),Fengchi*(GB20)Jianjing(GB21),

Yuanye(GB22),Zhejin(GB23),Riyue*(GB24),Jingmen(GB25),Daimai(GB26),Wushu(GB27),Weidao(GB28),Juliao(GB29),Huantiao(GB30),Fengshi(GB31),Zhongdu(GB32),

Xiyangguan(GB33),Yanglingquan*(GB34),Yangjiao(GB35),Waiqiu(GB36),

Guangming*(GB37),Yangfu(GB38),Xuanzhong*(GB39),Qiuxu(GB40),Zulinqi(GB41),

Diwuhui(GB42),Xiaxi*(GB43), Zuqiaoyin*(GB 44).

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints on three yang meridians of foot.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointson three yang meridians of footin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Seven Acupoints on Three Yin Meridians of Foot

Training purpose

1.Master the pathways of Spleen Meridian of Foot Taiyin , Kidney Meridian of Foot Shaoyin and Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin.

2.Master the locations, indications and manipulations of the acupoints on Spleen Meridian of Foot Taiyin , Kidney Meridian of Foot Shaoyin and Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin.

Traininghours 4

Trainingcontent

Spleen Meridian of Foot Taiyin:

Yinbai*(SP1),Dadu(SP2),Taibai*(SP3),Gongsun*(SP4),Shangqiu(SP5),Sanyinjiao*(SP6),

Lougu(SP7),Diji*(SP8),Yinlingquan*(SP9),Xuehai*(SP10),Jimen(SP11),Chongmen(SP12),

Fushe(SP13),Fujie(SP14),Daheng*(SP15),Fuai(SP16),Shidou(SP17),Tianxi(SP18), Xiongxiang(SP 19),Zhourong(SP 20),Dabao* (SP 21).

The Kidney Meridian of Foot Shaoyin:

Yongquan*(KI1),Rangu(KI2),Taixi*(KI3),Dazhong(KI4),Shuiquan(KI5),Zhaohai*(KI6),

Fuliu*(KI7),Jiaoxin(KI8),Zhubin*(KI9),Yingu(KI10),Henggu(KI11),Dahe*(KI12),

Qixue(KI13),Siman(KI14),Zhongzhu(KI15),Huangshu(KI16)Shangqu(KI17),Shiguan(KI18),Yindu(KI19),Futonggu(KI20),Youmen(KI21),Bulang(KI22),Shenfeng(KI23),Lingxu(KI24),

Shenfeng(KI25),Yuzhong(KI26), Shufu(KI 27).

Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin:

Dadun*(LR1),Xingjian*(LR2),Taichong*(LR3),Zhongfeng(LR4),Ligou(LR5),Zhongdu(LR6),Xiguan(LR7),Ququan*(LR8),Yinbao(LR9),Zuwuli(LR10),Yinlian(LR11),Jimai(LR12),

Zhangmen* (LR 13),Qimen* (LR 14)

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints on three yin meridians of foot.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointson three yin meridians of footin pairs after the demonstration.

Number Eight Comprehensive Training on Acupoints

【Training purpose

Master the acupoints located on the head and neck, on the trunk , on the upper limbs and lower limbs.

Traininghours 10

Trainingcontent

1.Acupoints on the area of head and neck

2. Acupoints on the area of trunk: chest, abdomen and back

3. Acupoints on the area of upper limbs: wrist crease, elbow crease and shoulder region

4. Acupoints on the area of lower limbs

Training methods

1. Seeing demonstrationThe teacher shows the location of acupoints on head and neck, trunk and four limbs.

2 .Practice exercisesThe students practice locating the pointson head and neck, trunk and four limbsin pairs after the demonstration.

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